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Facts About....

Advocates for Youth Report

LGBT Survey

LGBT Mythology

LGBT Community

Resources to Support Children and Youth
Who Are LGBTQI2-S and Their Famil

Discrimination Information


The Facts about Transgender

  • A person’s “sex” refers to the physical state of their body. We have a binary view of sex- male and female- despite the rare but factual reality that there are varying degrees of maleness and femaleness, as well as people born intersex- having both male and female parts.
  • A person’s “gender” refers to their internal sense of being a “man” or a “woman,” regardless of what their physical sex is.
  • A person whose gender matches their physical sex is known as cisgender.
  • A person whose gender does not, in some major or minor way, match their physical sex, is known as transgender.
  • Transgender is an umbrella term that covers many terms that are more specific, such as saying “food,” which is an umbrella term for apples, chicken, Arby’s, etc.
  • Therefore, someone can say they are transgender, and be any of the following:
  1. Transexual: A person who has a body of the opposite sex of their gender. For example, a person born female who feels that the term “man” more fits their personality and identity more than “woman” does. A transsexual may or may not have undergone, or plan to undergo, a sex change operation to have their publicly recognized gender match their physical sex.  A person can be MTF (transitioned from male to female) or FTM (female to male.)

  2. Cross-dressing: The act of wearing clothing that is typically associated with people of the opposite sex of the wearer.  It is NOT necessarily tied to erotic activity, despite what the media portrays. Also, a cross-dresser is NOT necessarily a transsexual, as they usually are comfortable with the sex they were assigned at birth and do not wish to change it. It is simply a gender expression of its own. Transexuals who begin to wear the clothing of their desired gender are NOT cross-dressing, as they see the clothes of their transitioned sex to be appropriate to their gender.  (“I was born with male genitalia, but I’m a woman, and therefore it is natural that I wear woman’s clothing.)

  3. Genderqueer, genderfluid, gender-nonconforming, a-gendered, bi-gendered, gender-defiant, androgynous, and more! Are all terms that have their own meaning and that describe the huge rainbow of variations of gender that are not the usual binary of “man” and “woman.” Too much info for this fact sheet!
  • A person who is transsexual does not “decide” they want to be the opposite sex.  They already are the opposite sex and need their body to match! Scientific evidence proves that the male and female brain are different, and that a person can be born with a female brain in a male body, or a male brain in a female body.  And of course, a person would want their body to match who they  know they really are!
  • Currently, Federal discrimination laws make it illegal for employers to discriminate against employees and job applicants in any aspect of employment based on age, disability, national origin, race, religion, genetics or sex (gender).  Similar laws prohibit discrimination for any of those categories in issues of housing, services (such as riding a bus), hate crimes, and so on.  Despite the law saying that it protects people based on sex/gender, it does NOT protect people of non-conforming genders, or those who transition from one gender to another. Therefore:

It is legal to evict a transgender person for no other reason that saying they are transgendered.

It is legal to fire an employee for being transgendered. Or, not hire them at all.

It is legal to refuse a transgendered people to use your restaurant, your bathroom, your bus.

It is legal to refuse to give a loan to a transgendered person.

  • “Transgender New Yorkers face severe discrimination. A recent report showed that 74% of transgender New Yorkers experienced harassment or mistreatment on the job. A staggering 75% of transgender youth in New York State reported being harassed in school and many leave as a result. 17% of individuals were refused medical care due to their gender identity or expression. A report released by the Empire State Pride Agenda showed that more than one third of transgender New Yorkers have been homeless at one time and over one fifth have incomes under $10,000 a year.” -
  • See the print out on violence…
  • GENDA (Gender Expression Non-Discrimination ACT) is the current legislation we are trying to pass in NY to protect trans people. Certain cities and regions, like Buffalo and Rochester, already have their own protective laws in place. So do other states.
  • I have heard the religious argument that God would not create a woman in a man’s body, or vice-versa.  If God creates people with learning disabilities, physical deformities, autism, etc., why is the wrong body for a gendered brain so different? Why do we allow treatment for autism, physical deformities, etc., and think nothing of it, yet get hung up on gender re-assignment surgeries?
  • I advocate for the trans community because I see them for what they are- human. This is a human rights issue when you stop to think about it.  We no longer discriminate on skin color- why allow discrimination on genitalia? Why prohibit discrimination based on religion, but allow it for self-expression?

The Facts about LGBT

  1. According to the American Psychological Association, homosexuality is not a mental disorder. Most of the problems LGBT members have with coming out are due to a feeling of alienation in an unwelcoming environment.

  2. 1 million gays and lesbians are military veterans.

  3. Currently, 1 million American children are being raised by same-sex couples.

  4. Same-sex couples live in all states and 99.3% of counties within the U.S.

  5. 61% of Americans believe that transgender individuals should be legally protected from discrimination.

  6. According to a national poll, 80% of Catholics do not think it is their place to judge an same-sex couples' love or commitment to one another.

  7. More than half of all Fortune 500 companies offer health benefits for their employees' same-sex partners.

  8. Up to 1% of the U.S. population has been confirmed as transsexual.

  9. The LGBT population is not only concentrated in big coastal cities. Some of nation's largest percentage of same-sex couples by county live in Colorado, Missouri, and New Mexico.

  10. Nationally, 10% of men and 10% of women 18-44 consider themselves to be something other than heterosexual.

  11. There are currently over 700 LGBT clubs and groups on college campuses nationwide.

LGBT Community Survey


National Gay and Lesbian Task Force

Resources to Support Children and Youth Who Are LGBTQI2-S and Their Family

Anti-Stigma Activist for Transgender Rights
and the Mental Health Community


11 Facts About Gay Rights

  1. In November, California voters approved Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment outlawing same-sex marriage, thereby overturning the state Supreme Court decision that gave gay couples the right to wed just months ago.

  2. Why are civil unions not enough for gay rights activists? The federal government accords 1,138 benefits and responsibilities based on marital status, not on civil union status. A few of those benefits are unpaid leave to care for an ill spouse, social security survivor benefits and spousal benefits, and the right not to testify against one’s spouse, among others.

  3. The District of Columbia and 47 states have anti-hate crime laws, however only 24 states and the District of Columbia include sexual orientation in their legislation.

  4. According to FBI hate crime statistics, there were 6,604 reported hate crimes in 2009. 18.5% of which were based on sexual orientation. Most were violent in nature.

  5. In July 2009, the Senate approved the Matthew Shepard Act, which will outlaw hate crimes based on both sexual orientation and gender identity. The House already has passed a stand-alone version of the act, which President Obama strongly supports, and it is expected to become law by the end of the year. Both houses passed the historic hate crime bill during Bush's presidency but the legislation never made it to President Bush's desk because of his veto threat.

  6. While 19 states and the District of Columbia have laws barring discrimination based on sexual orientation, and many cities offer similar protections, federal law didn’t offer such a shield until November of 2007, though it did bar discrimination based on race, religion, ethnicity, sex, age, disability and pregnancy. The bill, the Employment Nondiscrimination Act, was the latest version of legislation that Democrats have pursued since 1974. To ensure passage of the bill, Democrats were forced to remove language that would have granted protections to transsexual and transgender individuals by barring discrimination based on sexual identity, a move that infuriated some gay-rights groups.

  7. In the U.S., 75% of students have no state laws to protect them from harassment and discrimination in school based on their sexual orientation. In public high schools, 97% of students report regularly hearing homophobic remarks from their peers.

  8. Of the estimated 1.6 million homeless American youth, between 20% and 40% identify as LGBT. In one study, 26% of gay teens who came out to their parents/guardians were told they must leave home; LGBT youth also leave home due to physical, sexual and emotional abuse. Also, LGBT youth report they are threatened, belittled and abused at shelters by staff as well as other residents.
  9. In 1993 the Defense Dept., at President Clinton's order, changed the ban on homosexuals in the military to a ban on homosexual activity. The much discussed policy, known as "don't ask, don't tell," was presented as a way to allow gays in the military to serve without fear of discharge or other penalty as long as they did not reveal their sexual orientation. By the end of the 1990s, however, it appeared to have done little to change the precarious status of gay soldiers.

  10. While gay couples are seen on TV shows more often than in the past (eg. Luke and Noah, the young gay couple on “As The World Turns”), affection between the two is restricted to holding hands, playing with one another’s neck scarves and sharing meaningful looks. This wouldn’t be odd if heterosexual couples were not shown kissing on a regular basis.

  11. Despite the shortage of blood at banks across the country, gay donors are being turned away. Men who have had sexual contact with a man, even once, since 1977 are automatically disqualified. The agency has had its policy on men who have sexual contact with men since 1983, when the risk of AIDS through transfusion was recognized. The FDA reaffirmed the policy in May of 2007, despite improvements in testing and increased susceptibility of heterosexuals to HIV. All donated blood is tested for HIV, but the virus can go undetected until the immune system has produced a testable amount of antibodies. That window period, according to the FDA, would pose a "small but definite increased risk to people who receive blood transfusion if the policy were changed."


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